.cat-links { display: none !important; }

Grammar Guy: Antonyms and demonyms

Beelzebub. Mammon. Legion. These are demon names. Today we are talking about demonyms, which are different from demon names. The devil is in the details, I suppose.

Demonyms are the words we use for groups of people from different places. We get the word demonym from the Greek words “demos” (people, citizens, tribespeople) and “nym” (name). Think about the words “democracy” and “demographic.” These words both have to do with people in a specific region or group. For example, we call people from Greece (referred to as “the birthplace of democracy”) “Greeks.” That is a demonym.

People from Earth are called Earthlings. If life existed on Mars, those beings would be called Martians. I suppose an alien from Neptune would be referred to as a Neptunian. I do not want to get started about aliens, or my friend Byron will chime in and send me all his wild conspiracy theories.

On a country-by-country basis, some nationalities have predictable demonyms while others are more surprising. People from Ireland are called “Irish.” Citizens of Ghana are “Ghanaians.” All of those names make perfect sense. On the funky side of country demonyms, folks in New Zealand are called “Kiwis” (referring to the wingless bird). People in Ivory Coast (or Côte d’Ivoire) are referred to as “Ivorians.” Locals of the Principality of Monaco call themselves “Monegasques.”

When it comes to our fifty nifty United States, we also see a combination of expected and odd demonyms. I am from Oklahoma, so I consider myself an “Okie.” I live in Indiana, so now I am a naturalized “Hoosier.” While these are probably the most unique state demonyms, I really like the “-er” state demonyms including, “Connecticuter,” “Marylander” and “Mainer,” although some Mainers prefer to be called “Maineiacs.”

One of the state demonyms always makes me yawn. Are you ready? “Utahn.” It is hard not to read or say “Utahn” without yawning shortly afterward.

Around the world, there are some fantastic demonyms for international cities, but I would like to zoom in on some U.S. city demonyms. Did you know that someone in Albany is considered “Albanian?” Likewise, someone in Albuquerque is called a “Burqueño.” Do you want fries with that? A person from Pittsburgh is called a — you guessed it — “Pittsburgher.” Believe it or not, people in Salem, Massachusetts like to be called “Salemanders.” Of course, this list is not complete without noting that folks in Los Angeles go by “Angelinos.” That is quite the heavenly demonym.


Curtis Honeycutt is a syndicated humor columnist. He is the author of Good Grammar is the Life of the Party: Tips for a Wildly Successful Life. Find more at curtishoneycutt.com.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *